Brazil

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Brazil (orthographic projection)
Flag of Brazil

Brazil i kaontri long Saot America

Federative Republic of Brazil República Federativa do Brasil (Portuguese)

Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Ordem e Progresso" (Portuguese) "Order and Progress" Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Portuguese) "Brazilian National Anthem" National seal Selo Nacional do Brasil (Portuguese) "National Seal of Brazil"

Capital Brasília 15°45′S 47°57′W Largest city São Paulo Official languages Portuguese Demonym Brazilian Government Presidential Federal republic

  • President Dilma Rousseff (2010-2014)
  • Vice-President José Alencar (Brazilian Republican Party)
  • President of the Chamber of Deputies Michel Temer (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party)
  • President of the Senate José Sarney (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party)
  • Chief Justice Gilmar Mendes

Legislature National Congress

  • Upper House Federal Senate
  • Lower House Chamber of Deputies

Independence from Portugal

  • Declared 7 September 1822
  • Recognized 29 August 1825
  • Republic 15 November 1889
  • Current constitution 5 October 1988

Area

  • Total 8,514,877 km2 (5th)

3,287,597 sq mi

  • Water (%) 0.65

Population

  • 2009 estimate 192,272,890[1] (5th)
  • 2007 census 189,987,291
  • Density 22/km2 (182nd)

57/sq mi

GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate

  • Total $1.984 trillion[2] (9th)
  • Per capita $10,465[2] (77th)

GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate

  • Total $1.612 trillion [3] (10th)
  • Per capita $8,295[2] (63rd)

Gini (2009) 49.3[4] HDI (2007) 0.813[5] (high) (75th) Currency Real (R$) (BRL) Time zone BRT[6] (UTC-2 to -4[6])

  • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2 to -4)

Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (CE) Drives on the right Internet TLD .br Calling code +55